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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Anthony Waker

Professor Emeritus

Department of Energy and Nuclear Engineering

Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

Contact information

Energy Systems and Nuclear Science Research Centre (ERC) - Room 4062
North Oshawa
2000 Simcoe Street North
Oshawa, ON L1G 0C5

905.721.8668 ext. 5520


  • Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Applied Physics London South Bank University, UK
  • PhD in Radiation Physics London South Bank University, UK & European Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy

Research and expertise

  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods
  • Experimental microdosimetry and its applications
  • Neutron monitoring, spectrometry and dosimetry
  • Low energy X-ray and beta particle dosimetry and microdosimetry
  • Radiation effects on cellular, subcellular and organized tissue


  • Books
    • Lennart Lindborg and Anthony Waker, “Microdosimetry-Experimental Methods and Applications”, CRC Press, Taylor Francis Group, Boca Raton FL, 2017
  • Journal Publications
    • Orchard, G.M., Feuerstake, T., McDonald, C., Waker, A.J. “Investigation of the stray neutron fields produced from proton irradiated Ta, Co-59, Ni, Fe, Inconel X750 and stainless steel 310 targets in a materials testing laboratory environment.” Applied Radiation and Isotopes. - 2021

    • Marta Kocemba · Anthony Waker, “An investigation of early radiation damage in rainbow trout eye‑lenses”, Radiation and Environmental Biophysics. - 2021

    • Dinar, N., Pozzi, F., Silari, M., Puzo, P., Chiriotti, S., De Saint-Hubert, M., Vanhavere, F., Van Hoey, O., Orchard, G.M., Waker, A.J. “Instrument intercomparison in the high-energy field at the CERN-EU reference field (CERF) facility and comparison with the 2017 FLUKA simulations.” Radiation Measurements., - 2018

    • Orchard, G.M. and Waker, A.J. “The response of a multi-element tissue equivalent proportional counter in accelerator based high-altitude neutron fields.” Radiation Protection Dosimetry. - 2018

    • Orchard, G.M., Hatakeyama, T. and Waker, A.J. “The spatial dose rate and energy characterization of a P 385 DD Neutron Generator using a nested neutron spectrometer and a tissue equivalent proportional counter.” Radiation Measurements, 97, 35-41. - 2017

    • David Broughton, Anthony J. Waker, “Monte Carlo simulations comparing the response of a novel hemispherical TEPC to existing spherical and cylindrical TEPCs for neutron monitoring and dosimetry”, Health Physics, 112, No5, 430-438, 2017

    • David Broughton, Anthony J Waker, “An analytical comparison of gas gain in spherical, cylindrical and hemispherical low-pressure proportional counters intended for use in experimental microdosimetry”, Nucl. Instr. Methods A, 840, 107-112, 2016

    • Orchard, G.M., Puddu, S. and Waker, A.J. “Design and function of an electron mobility spectrometer with a thick gas electron multiplier.” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 815, 62-67. - 2016

    • Atanackovic, W. Matysiak, J. Dubeau,  S.Witharana, and A. J.Waker, “Measurement of Neutron Energy Spectra and Neutron Dose Rates from 7Li(P,N)7Be Reaction Induced on Thin Targets”, Nucl. Inst. Method. A, 774, 6-16, 2015

    • Orchard, G.M. and Waker, A.J. “Transit time of electrons and gas gain effects in P-10 and Ar-CO2.” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 764, 236-240. - 2014

    • A.J. Waker and G. Taylor, “Sensitivity and Uncertainty in the Measurement of H*(10) in Neutron Fields Using a REM500 and a Multi-Element TEPC”, Rad. Prot. Dosim., 161(1-4), 205-209, 2014

    • J. Atanackovic, W. Matysiak, S.Witharana, J. Dubeau and A. J.Waker, “Measurements of Neutron Energy Spectra From 7li( P,N)7be Reaction with Bonner Sphere Spectrometer, Nested Neutron Spectrometer and Rospec”, Rad. Prot. Dos., 161(1-4): 221-224, 2014

    • F. Ali, A. J.Waker and E. J.Waller, “Intercomparison of Monte Carlo Radiation Transport Codes to Model TEPC Response in Low-Energy Neutron and Gamma-ray Fields”, Rad. Prot. Dos.,161(1-4):257-260. 2014
    • H. Yamaguchi, H. Ohara and A.J. Waker, 2006, A Model for the Induction of DNA Damages and their Evolution into Cell Clonogenic Inactivation, Journal of Radiation Research, 47, pp 197-211, Japan;
    • Aslam, W.V. Prestwich, F.E. McNeill and A.J. Waker, 2006, Monte Carlo Simulation Of A Neutron Irradiation Facility Developed For Accelerator Based In Vivo Neutron Activation Measurements In Human Hand Bones, Applied Radiation Isotopes 64, No 1, pp. 63-84;
    • Aslam, W.V. Prestwich, F.E. McNeill and A.J. Waker, 2003, Investigating the TEPC Radiation Quality Response For Low Energy Accelerator Based Clinical Applications, Radiation Prot. Dosim. 103, No 4, pp. 311-322;
    • J. Burmeister, C. Kota, R L Maughan and A. J. Waker, 2002, Characterization of Miniature Tissue-equivalent Proportional Counters for Neutron Radiotherapy Applications, Phys. Med. Biol. 47, pp. 1633-1645;
    • J. Burmeister, C. Kota, R L Maughan and A. J. Waker, 2001, Miniature Tissue-equivalent Proportional Counters for BNCT and BNCEFNT Dosimetry, Med. Phys. 28 pp. 1911-1925;
    •  V.V. Moiseenko, A.J. Waker, R.N. Hamm, W.V. Prestwich, 2001, Calculation of Radiation-induced Damage from Photons and Tritium Beta Particles Part II. Tritium RBE and damage complexity, Radiat. Environ. Biophys 40, pp. 33-38; and
    • V.V. Moiseenko, R.N. Hamm, A.J. Waker, W.V. Prestwich, 2001, Calculation of Radiation-induced Damage from Photons and Tritium Beta Particles Part I. Model formulation and basic results, Radiat. Environ. Biophys 40, pp. 23-31.
  • Conference Publications
    • J. Burmeister, C. Kota, R.L. Maughan, A.J. Waker, K. Riley and L. Wielopolski, 2002, Application of TEPC Microdosimetry to Boron Neutron Capture Therapy, Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 99, Number 1-4, pp. 351-352; and
    • A.J. Waker, U. Schrewe, J. Burmeister, J. Dubeau and R. A. Surette, 2002, Classical Microdosimetry In Radiation Protection Dosimetry And Monitoring, Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 99, Number 1-4, pp. 311-316.
  • Technical Reports
    • J. Dubeau and A.J. Waker, 2003, High Sensitivity Gas Electron Multiplier for Neutron Dosimetry, COG-01-071;
    • J. Dubeau and A.J. Waker, 2003, GEM and Micromesh Based Detectors for Neutron Dosimetry, COG-02-3005;
    • R.A. Surette, J. Dubeau and A.J. Waker, 2002, Application of Gas Electron Multipliers to Selectively Monitor Tritium in Air, COG-02-3012; and
    • J. Dubeau and A.J. Waker, 2001, Gas Micro-patterned Detectors for Personal Neutron Dosimetry, COG-00-122.
  • Industrial and Academic Service
    • Manager, Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd, Radiation Biology and Health Physics Branch (1998 to 2005);
    • Canadian Delegate for the Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health, OECD, Paris (1998 to 2005);
    • Member of the British Committee on Radiation Units and Measurements (1985 to 1991);
    • Deputy Head, Department of Medical Physics, Leeds University, UK (1988 to 1991); and
    • Warden, Bodington Hall, Leeds University (1979 to 1984).
  • Awards
    • Canadian Radiation Protection Association Distinguished Achievement Award,  2019
    • Education and Communication Award (Canadian Nuclear Society), 2015
    • Senior Industrial Research Chair Renewal (NSERC), 2013
    • Senior Industrial Research Chair (NSERC), 2008